Quantcast
About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Your first visit?
Contact us
External links
Good books
Visitor essays
Our forum
New essays
Other site features
Buy a CD
Vital notes

World religions
BUDDHISM
.
CHRISTIANITY
Who is a Christian?
Shared beliefs
Handle change
Bible topics
Bible inerrancy
Bible harmony
Interpret Bible
Persons
Beliefs, creeds
Da Vinci code
Revelation, 666
Denominations
.
HINDUISM
ISLAM
JUDAISM
WICCA / WITCHCRAFT
Other religions
Other spirituality
Cults and NRMs
Comparing religions

About all religions
Important topics
Basic information
Gods & Goddesses
Handle change
Doubt/security
Quotes
Movies
Confusing terms
Glossary
World's end
One true religion?
Seasonal topics
Science v. Religion
More info.

Spiritual/ethics
Spirituality
Morality/ethics
Absolute truth

Peace/conflict
Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
Ten commandm'ts
Abortion
Assisted suicide
Cloning
Death penalty
Environment
Equal rights - gays & bi's
Gay marriage
Nudism
Origins of the species
Sex & gender
Sin
Spanking kids
Stem cells
Women-rights
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news

 

!!!!!!!! Search error!  If the URL ends something like .htm/  or .htm# delete the character(s) after .htm and hit return.

WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT WICCA AND WITCHCRAFT

Interpretation of Revelation 21:8

horizontal rule

Sponsored link.


horizontal rule

About Revelation 21:8:

This chapter deals with life after death. Some people will attain Heaven; others are sent to Hell, which is here described as the lake which burns with fire and brimstone (sulfur). In his commentary on this verse, Matthew Henry refers to the horrors of Hell as involving the: "...far greater terrors and agonies of eternal death..." Its victims will: "...die and [continue] to be always dying." 1

Verse 8 describes various groups who will automatically be relegated to Hell. In a typical biblical display of religious intolerance, the verse defines one group of victims as consisting of "unbelievers" -- apparently those who follow a non-Christian religion, or no religion at all. This would involved more than two thirds of the human race.

horizontal rule

How the verse is translated:

There is no consistency in the translations of this verse, as they appear in various English versions of the Bible. The sixth group which is destined for Hell has been identified as:

  1. 21st century King James Version: "sorcerers"
  2. American Standard Version: "sorcerers"
  3. An American Translation: those who "practice witchcraft"
  4. The Answer (New Century Version): those "who do evil magic"
  5. Amplified Bible: "practicers of magic arts"
  6. Authentic New Testament: "sorcerers"
  7. Darby Translation: "sorcerers"
  8. Good News Version: "those who practice magic"
  9. James Moffatt Translation: "sorcerers"
  10. Jerusalem Bible: "fortune tellers"
  11. King James Version: "sorcerers"
  12. Living Bible: "those conversing with demons"
  13. Modern Language Bible: "those practicing magic arts"
  14. New American Bible: "sorcerers"
  15. New American Standard Bible: "sorcerers"
  16. New English Bible "sorcerers"
  17. New International Version: "those who practice magical arts"
  18. New Living Translation: "those who practice witchcraft"
  19. New Revised Standard Version: "sorcerers"
  20. New Testament & Psalms: An Inclusive Version: "sorcerers"
  21. New World Translation: "those practicing spiritism"
  22. Phillips Modern English "those trafficking...in sorcery"
  23. The Promise: (Contemporary English Version): "uses witchcraft"
  24. Rheims New Testament: ""sorcerers"
  25. Revised Standard Version: "sorcerers"
  26. Revised English Bible: "sorcerers"
  27. Today's English Version "those who practice magic"
  28. Today's New International Version: "those who practice magic arts"
  29. Tyndale's New Testament: "sorcerers"
  30. World English Bible: "sorcerers" The translation has a footnote: "The word for 'sorcerers' here also includes users of potions and drugs."
  31. Young's Literal Translation: "sorcerers"

horizontal rule

Conclusions:

In the 31 translations studied, the original Greek has been translated as:

bulletSorcerers, or those practicing evil magic: 19 times. These are people who engage in black magic to harm or murder others.
bulletThose who practicing magic: 6 times. This would presumably include people who either try to hurt or heal others through spells, incantations, etc. It is unclear whether this would cover Christian clergy who conduct healing services.
bulletWitches: 3 times. This presumably includes people performing at least one of the 18 different practices that have been referred to as "witchcraft." It is not clear to which of the 18 practices the passage refers.
bulletFortune tellers: once. Presumably this would include tea-leaf readers, palm readers, preparers of horoscopes, people who predict the weather based on the actions of a groundhog, or the diameter of caterpillars, etc.
bulletThose who contact demons: once.
bulletSpiritists: those who contact the dead: once.

The latter two categories may include channeling by New Age practitioners.

It would seem that this verse has traditionally been translated incompetently. It appears that the translators simply selected their favorite evil, and inserted it into the text. This is seen throughout many translations of the Bible, particularly with passages that refer either to homosexuality, poisoning, or evil sorcery.

horizontal rule

Sponsored link:

horizontal rule

Some commentaries on Revelations 21:8:

bulletClarke's Commentary: defines "sorcerers" as "Persons who, by drugs, philtres, fumigations, &c., pretend to produce supernatural effects, chiefly by spiritual agency." This would appear to refer to persons performing magic. 2
bulletJohn Gill's Exposition of the Bible defines sorcerers very broadly. He includes: "conjurers, dealers with familiar spirits, necromancers, and such as use the magic art...and poisoners of kings and princes; whoredoms and witchcrafts..." (Bigoted statements against Roman Catholics deleted). 3 It is unclear how he can derive so many varied activities from a single Greek word.
bulletWesley Notes comments "...whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters - These three sins generally went together; their part is in the lake" of fire. 4

horizontal rule

What does the original Greek text imply?

The critical word here is "pharmakeus" pronounced <far-mak-yoos'>. It is derived from "pharmakon," which means a drug.

It is commonly believed to have two meanings:
bulletA person who uses magical potions for to poison others.
bulletA person who engaged in black magick to harm others -- a sorcerer.

A few commentators suggest a third meaning:
bulletA person who goes around spreading dissention - poisoning people's minds.

Of all of the translations, the word "sorcerer" is probably the best. Unfortunately, while this term usually refers to a person who casts evil spells to harm others, it is occasionally used to refer to any spell caster, whether the intent is to harm or to heal. So the optimum translation would probably be "evil sorcerer."

Since the Wiccan Rede specifically prohibits Wiccans from harming, dominating, manipulating or controlling others, Wiccans could in no way be covered by Revelation 21:8.

horizontal rule

References Used

  1. "Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible," at: http://www.ccel.org/h/
  2. "Clarke's Commentary - Revelation 21," at: http://www.godrules.net/
  3. "John Gill's Exposition of the Bible: Revelation 21:8," at: http://bible.crosswalk.com/
  4. "Wesley Notes on the Revelation of Jesus Christ: Chapter XXI," at: http://www.ccel.org/

horizontal rule

Site navigation:

 Home > World religions > Wicca > Wicca/Bible > here

or Home > Christianity > Bible & the world > Wicca/Bible > here

or Home > Christianity > Bible topics > Wicca/Bible >  here

horizontal rule

Copyright 2003 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2003-JUN-2
Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)


horizontal rule

Go to the "Wicca/Witchcraft and the Bible" menu, or choose:

Google
Web ReligiousTolerance.org

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?


Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.