It also contains techniques to
tackle the most serious social problems of our age — illiteracy, drugs, crime
and immorality. Scientology is something one does: it is not just a system of
beliefs one is asked to hold.
The keynote of the Scientology
religion is the human spirit — its salvation and rehabilitation. It teaches that
an individual is a spirit — not a body, a brain, or a fortuitous random
conglomeration of genes and chemicals. It is this recognition of the nature of
an individual that forms the foundation of the Scientology religion. Throughout
the ages, man has traditionally viewed himself as a spiritual being. It is only
in the last century that the materialistic idea that man is a mere animal
similar to a monkey or rat has taken hold. Scientology teaches that this idea is
patently false, unworkable, and acts as a barrier to personal understanding of
life. One little suspects how much untapped potential one has to create his or
her own life.
Scientology directly addresses an
individual's spiritual nature with answers to the age-old questions — Who am
I? What do I consist of? Where do I come from? Where am I going? This
spiritual enlightenment leads to personal understanding of oneself, others and
one’s relationship to the Universe.
Data provided by the Church indicates that there are now over 7,300
Scientology groups, missions 2 and churches
3 in 163 countries around the world. Also, 87,000
Scientology Volunteer Ministers,
4 help in their communities and in times of disaster. The
number of Scientologists is difficult to estimate.
Between 2001 and 2006, over 23 million copies of books and taped lectures by L. Ron Hubbard 5 have been gotten
into public hands, and the rate of expansion of the Church has been 20 times greater than the whole previous 51 years
combined. During 2006, new Scientology groups, missions and churches have opened at the rate of three per day.
Scientology 6 is the fastest growing religion in the world, by percentage
growth per year.
The Scientology religion was
developed by American author and humanitarian L. Ron Hubbard. 5
It came from his lifelong passion to assist man to achieve a higher plane of
civilization and existence. Mr. Hubbard was not only a writer, one of the
leading lights of the Golden Age of science fiction in the mid-1900s, but a true
Renaissance man — who was a recognized explorer with membership in the
prestigious Explorer's Club, a captain of corvettes during World War II, and
fully versed in 21 different professions.
Born in Tilden, Nebraska on 1911-MAR-13, L. Ron Hubbard traveled extensively during his
youth. He covered some quarter of a million miles by the time he was twenty
years of age, including several trips to the Orient; directed two expeditions to
the Caribbean including the first mineralogical survey of Puerto Rico.
It was during his travels in Asia where he viewed so much misery and want that he asked himself "Why all this?"
and "To what depths can man fall," and "What is man anyway?" He
found that there was not much known about the true nature of man. He became
fascinated with this line of research which he made his life's work.
In 1938, in the unpublished
manuscript "Excalibur," Mr. Hubbard delineated his first major discovery.
He found that the common denominator of existence is "Survival," and
outlined the theory that "Life is composed of two things: the material
universe and an X-factor...that can evidently organize and mobilize the material
His first major work on the subject
was published on 1950-MAY-09 and called Dianetics®: The Modern Science of Mental Health. 7
Dianetics is a methodology designed to help alleviate such things as unwanted
sensations and emotions, irrational fears and psychosomatic illnesses (illnesses
caused or aggravated by mental stress). Dianetics is defined as "what the
soul is doing to the body." It is a mental therapy and was the precursor to
the broader subject of Scientology.
The initial press run of
Dianetics was only 6,000 copies. Mr. Hubbard had planned to head an
expedition to Greece after it was published. However, with Dianetics sales
exploding and the book reaching the New York Times bestseller list and staying
there month after month, public demand for more information and personal
assistance put an end to those plans and began a new phase in Mr. Hubbard’s
life. Today Dianetics has sold over 21 million copies and is the best selling
self-help book of all time.
It became obvious to Mr. Hubbard
after observing many, many people using Dianetics and seeing the results, that
there was something more to man than just his mind and body. In the fall of
1951, he concluded that an individual was neither his body nor his mind, but
rather an immortal spiritual being. With this discovery, L. Ron Hubbard moved
firmly into the field traditionally belonging to religion — the realm of the
Scientology has a wide scope. In
addition to a score of books, there are today more than 15,000 pages of
technical writing and more than 3,000 taped lectures that comprise its
scriptures. These works represent a lifetime of research by L. Ron Hubbard to
discover a workable means to set people free spiritually.
Mr. Hubbard entrusted Religious Technology Center 8
with maintaining the purity and orthodoxy of the Scientology religion as well as
ensuring that the technologies of Dianetics and Scientology remain in good
hands. Religious Technology Center does not manage Scientology churches.
This is done by the Church of Scientology International (CSI), the senior
ecclesiastical management body of the religion. CSI broadly plans and
coordinates Scientology expansion by providing programs to individual
organizations and groups and then helping them with the implementation of these
programs. Since 1986 David Miscavige 9 has held the position
of Chairman of the Board of the Religious Technology Center.
In October 1993, David Miscavige
announced that the Internal Revenue Service of the United States granted
full religious recognition and tax exemption to all Scientology churches and
missions. Every Scientology church in Canada is also recognized as a religion in
the province in which it is located.
In 2005 Mr. Hubbard was recognized
as the world's most translated author by the Guinness Book of World Record.
In 2006 Guinness confirmed this and also recognized him as the world’s
most published author with 1,084 works.
The word "Scientology" means
"the study of knowledge or truth." The Scientology religion holds that
man is basically good, not evil. It teaches that it is their experiences that
cause people to commit evil deeds. It is not their basic nature to do so. People
can mistakenly solve their problems by thinking only of their own personal
interests and overlook or ignore how their acts affect others. This creates
interpersonal strife and problems. The Scientology religion also holds that
individuals advance to the degree they preserve their spiritual integrity and
values, and remain honest and decent — indeed, individuals deteriorate to the
degree they abandon these qualities.
Some religions try to help humanity
by solving people's problems for them. Scientology is different — it believes in
increasing the ability and intelligence of the individual so he or she can improve
his own life, overcome those factors that hold him down, and solve his or her
own problems. What's more, once one has accomplished this he or she naturally
starts to reach out to help his family, friends and society.
According to Scientology, the
individual is not a body but a spirit. However there have been so many different
concepts of the term soul through the ages that a new term was needed. The term
chosen by Mr. Hubbard was "thetan" from the Greek letter theta, the traditional
symbol for thought and life. The thetan is the person himself, not his body, his
name, the physical universe or anything else. It is that which is aware of being
aware; the identity that IS the individual.
One phenomenon of the spirit or
thetan, researched by Mr. Hubbard, is exteriorization. Exteriorization is the
ability of the thetan to leave the body and exist independent of the flesh.
Exteriorized, the individual can see without the body's eyes, hear without the
body's ears and feel without the body's hands. Man previously had little
understanding of this detachment from his mind and body. With the act of
exteriorization, attainable in Scientology, the individual gains the certainty
that he is himself, an immortal spiritual being, and not a body.
Some basic Scientology concepts
that assist a person to better understand life better are:
The main Scientology religious practice is spiritual counseling called
"auditing." It is a unique form of personal counseling intended to help an
individual look at his own existence and improve his ability. Through
viewing his own existence, an individual attempts to walk an exact route to
higher states of awareness.
Auditing is a precise, thoroughly codified activity with exact procedures. A
Scientology counselor is known as an "auditor". Auditing is assisted
by use of a specially designed meter (E-Meter or Electro-psychometer) which
helps locate areas of spiritual distress or travail by measuring the mental
state or change of state of the person being audited.
Auditing uses processes -– exact sets of questions asked or directions given
by an auditor to help a person find out things about himself and improve his
condition. There are many, many different auditing processes.
An equally important Scientology practice is education in Scientology
principles. This is called Scientology training. The religion teaches that auditing lets one see how
something happened, while training teaches one why. Knowledge about the laws of
life are necessary to maintain the personal freedom gained through auditing.
If a person truly understands life, he can handle it.
The whole purpose of auditing and training is to graduate individuals to a
higher state of spiritual existence. The goal is to revive the individual as
a spiritual being and free him from dependence on the material universe. The
different auditing and training actions which bring about spiritual
enhancement are delineated in a Scientology chart called "The Bridge to
Total Freedom." The metaphor of a bridge has long been used in religious
tradition to denote the route across the chasm from where we are now, to a
higher plateau of existence.