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!!!!!!!! Search error!  If the URL ends something like .htm/  or .htm# delete the character(s) after .htm and hit return.

In a religious freedom/liberty conflict among religious
employers, employees, and students, who wins?

Lawsuits filed, including the "Hobby Lobby" case.

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This topic is continued from the previous essay

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Lawsuits against the HHS mandate:

On 2012-JUL-16, Wheaten College in Illinois joined the Catholic University of American in a lawsuit against the Health and Human Services (HHS) mandate in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Wheaton College President Dr. Philip Graham Ryken said that the college decided to initiate the lawsuit after the U.S. Supreme Court decided in June that the Affordable Care Act was constitutional. Although Wheaton College has no objection to married couples using birth control pills, they are unwilling to provide emergency contraceptives because of their belief that EC can induce abortion.

According to Monifa Thomas, the health reporter for the Chicago Sun Times:

"The alliance marks the first time that Catholics and evangelicals have worked together to oppose a regulation in court."

Wheaton College will be represented by The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty. The Fund reported that dozens of lawsuits have been filed to date to challenge the HHS mandate.

Thomas writes that HHS:

"... spokesman Keith Maley said the administration is developing additional accommodations in response to concerns raised by religious organizations that do not want to pay for, refer for, or provide contraception.

'We will consider the comments and suggestions received from interested stakeholders before finalizing and implementing policies that respect religious liberty while ensuring millions of women have access to recommended preventive services without cost-sharing,' Maley said.

The policy already ensures that if a woman works for a religious employer with objections to providing contraceptive services as part of its health plan, the religious employer will not be required to provide, pay for or refer for contraception coverage, but her insurance company will be required to directly offer her contraceptive care free of charge.

That, however, is considered a 'shell game' by many religious organizations." 13

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religious-freedom-birth-control-hobby-lobby.htm

A list of lawsuits as published by The Becket Fund:

All 180 Catholic bishops who head a diocese in the U.S. has issued a statement condemning the HHS mandate.

Most of the lawsuits are by hospitals, universities, colleges, agencies or other organizations affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. Most of the lawsuits by Dioceses and Archdioceses include additional plaintiffs like :

Archdiocese of New York et al.

Archdiocese of St. Louis, MO

Ave Maria University in Ave Maria, FL

Belmont Abbey College

Catholic University of America, et al.

Diocese of Dallas, TX.

Diocese of Erie, PA,et al.

Diocese of Fort Wayne, IN, et al.

Diocese of Jackson, MS, et al.

Diocese of Joliet, IL, et al.

Diocese of Pittsburgh, PA,et al.

Diocese of Springfield, IL.

EWTN (Eternal Word Television Network)

Legatus (Catholic business association)

Michigan Catholic Conference et al.

Priests for Life, Staten Island, NY

University of Notre Dame

Some non-Catholic institutions have also filed lawsuits or planned to do so:

Colorado Christian University (nondenominational)

Geneva College, PA (Reformed Presbyterian)

Louisiana College (Baptist)

Some states have filed lawsuits:

Nebraska

Some individuals and secular companies:

O'Brien Industrial Holdings

Hercules Industries Inc. 14,15

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Lawsuits against the HHS mandate:

On 2012-JUL-16, Wheaten College in Illinois joined the Catholic University of American in a lawsuit against the Health and Human Services (HHS) mandate in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Wheaton College President Dr. Philip Graham Ryken said that the college decided to initiate the lawsuit after the U.S. Supreme Court decided in June that the Affordable Care Act was constitutional. Although Wheaton College has no objection to married couples using birth control pills, they are unwilling to provide emergency contraceptives because of their belief that EC can induce abortion.

According to Monifa Thomas, the health reporter for the Chicago Sun Times:

"The alliance marks the first time that Catholics and evangelicals have worked together to oppose a regulation in court."

Wheaton College will be represented by The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty. The Fund reported that dozens of lawsuits have been filed to date to challenge the HHS mandate.

Thomas writes that HHS:

"... spokesman Keith Maley said the administration is developing additional accommodations in response to concerns raised by religious organizations that do not want to pay for, refer for, or provide contraception.

'We will consider the comments and suggestions received from interested stakeholders before finalizing and implementing policies that respect religious liberty while ensuring millions of women have access to recommended preventive services without cost-sharing,' Maley said.

The policy already ensures that if a woman works for a religious employer with objections to providing contraceptive services as part of its health plan, the religious employer will not be required to provide, pay for or refer for contraception coverage, but her insurance company will be required to directly offer her contraceptive care free of charge.

That, however, is considered a 'shell game' by many religious organizations." 13

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2012-JUL-25: A list of active lawsuits as published by The Becket Fund:

All 180 Catholic bishops who head a diocese in the U.S. have issued a statement condemning the HHS mandate.

Most of the lawsuits are by hospitals, universities, colleges, agencies or other organizations affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. Most of the lawsuits by Dioceses and Archdioceses include additional plaintiffs like :

  • Archdiocese of New York et al.
  • Archdiocese of St. Louis, MO
  • Ave Maria University in Ave Maria, FL
  • Belmont Abbey College
  • Catholic University of America, et al.
  • Diocese of Dallas, TX.
  • Diocese of Erie, PA,et al.
  • Diocese of Fort Wayne, IN, et al.
  • Diocese of Jackson, MS, et al.
  • Diocese of Joliet, IL, et al.
  • Diocese of Pittsburgh, PA,et al.
  • Diocese of Springfield, IL.
  • EWTN (Eternal Word Television Network)
  • Legatus (Catholic business association)
  • Michigan Catholic Conference et al.
  • Priests for Life, Staten Island, NY
  • University of Notre Dame

Some non-Catholic institutions have also filed lawsuits or planned to do so:

  • Colorado Christian University (nondenominational)
  • Geneva College, PA (Reformed Presbyterian)
  • Louisiana College (Baptist)

Some states have filed lawsuits:

  • Nebraska

Some individuals and secular companies:

  • O'Brien Industrial Holdings
  • Hercules Industries Inc. 14,15

How you may have arrived here:

Home > Morality > Health care > Contraceptive conflict > here

Home > Religious freedom > Freedom to oppress > Contraceptive conflict > here

Home > Important essays > Religious freedom > Freedom to oppress > Contraceptive conflict > here

Home > Religious information > Religious freedom > Freedom to oppress > Contraceptive conflict > here

Home > Human rights > Religious freedom > Freedom to oppress > Contraceptive conflict > here

 Home > Sex > Catholic church > Contraceptive conflict > here

 Home > "Hot" topics > Sex > Catholic church > Contraceptive conflict > here

Home > Christianity > Christian groups > Sorting groups > Denominations > Catholics > Sex > Contraceptive conflict >here

 Home > Christianity > Christian history, belief... > Beliefs > Sex > Catholic church > Contraceptive conflict > here

or Home > Religious Information > Basic data > Sex > Catholic church > Contraceptive conflict > here

References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Answers to frequently asked questions about how emergency contraception works," Princeton University, 2014-MAR-13, at: http://ec.princeton.edu/
  2. Rachel K. Jones and Joerg Dreweke, "Countering conventional wisdom: New evidence on religion and contraceptive use," Guttmacher Institute, 2011-APR, at: http://www.guttmacher.org/
  3. "Will our church be subject to a conscience tax?, Speak Up - Church, 2012-JUN-08, at: http://blog.speakupmovement.org/
  4. Mat Cover, "Sebelius Claims 'No Abortifacient Drug' Covered by Contraception Mandate," CNS News, 2012-MAR-01, at: http://cnsnews.com/
  5. "USCCB: HHS Mandate for Contraceptive and Abortifacient Drugs Violates Conscience Rights," United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 2011-AUG-01, at: http://www.usccb.org/
  6. Steven Ertelt, "Obama Admin Told to Rescind Pro-Abortion HHS Mandate," Life News, 2012-JUN-18, at: http://www.lifenews.com/
  7. James Trussell & Elizabeth G. Raymond, "Emergency Contraception," A last chance to prevent unintended pregnancy," Princeton University, 2012-JUN, at: http://ec.princeton.edu/
  8. The Emergency Contraception Website is at: http://ec.princeton.edu/
  9. "How emergency contraception works: Does emergency contraception cause an abortion?," Princeton University, at: http://ec.princeton.edu/
  10. N. Novikova, et al., " Effectiveness of levonorgestrel emergency contraception given before or after ovulation - a pilot study." Contraception 2007;75: Pages 112-118.
  11. G. Noé, et al., "Contraceptive efficacy of emergency contraception with levonorgestrel given before or after ovulation." Contraception 2011;84: Pages 486-492.
  12. P. Stratton. et al., "Endometrial effects of a single early luteal dose of the selective progesterone receptor modulator CDB-2915," Fertility and Sterility 2010;93: Pages 2035-2041.
  13. "How emergency contraception works: How does emergency contraception prevent pregnancy?," Princeton University, at:http://ec.princeton.edu/
  14. Monifa Thomas, "Wheaton College joins suit opposing contraception mandate," Chicago Sun Times, 2012-JUL-18, at: http://www.suntimes.com/
  15. Thomas Peters, "51 Catholic (+16 Religious) Institutions Opposing Obama/HHS Mandate," Catholic Vote, at: http://www.catholicvote.org/
  16. "HHS Mandate Information Central," The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, as read on 2012-JUL-25, at: http://www.becketfund.org/
  17. "Emergency Contraception: Summary of Key Recommendations," Royal College of Obstetricians & gynaecolologists, 2012, at: http://www.fsrh.org/

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Copyright © 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance 
Originally written: 2014-JUL-15
Latest update: 2014-JUL15
Author: B.A. Robinson

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