Quantcast
About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Your first visit?
Contact us
External links
Good books
Visitor essays
Our forum
New essays
Other features
Buy a CD
Vital notes

World religions
BUDDHISM
CHRISTIANITY
 Who is a Christian?
 Shared beliefs
 Handle change
 Bible topics
 Bible inerrancy
 Bible harmony
 Interpret Bible
 Persons
 Beliefs, creeds
 Da Vinci code
 Revelation 666
 Denominations
HINDUISM
ISLAM
JUDAISM
WICCA / WITCHCRAFT
Other religions
Cults and NRMs
Comparing religions

Non-theistic...
Atheism
Agnosticism
Humanism
Other

About all religions
Main topics
Basic info.
Gods/Goddesses
Handling change
Doubt/security
Quotes
Movies
Confusing terms
Glossary
World's end
True religion?
Seasonal events
Science/Religion
More info.

Spiritual/ethics
Spirituality
Morality/ethics
Absolute truth

Peace/conflict
Attaining peace
Relig. tolerance
Relig. freedom
Relig. hatred
Relig. conflict
Relig. violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
10 command.
Abortion
Assisted suicide
Cloning
Death penalty
Environment
Homosexuality
Human rights
Gay marriage
Nudism
Origins
Sex & gender
Sin
Spanking kids
Stem cells
Transexuality
Women-rights
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news

Sponsored links

 

!!!!!!!! Search error!  If the URL ends something like .htm/  or .htm# delete the character(s) after .htm and hit return.

Is the Bible free of error?

Historical support.
What people really believe.
External links.

Sponsored link.

Historical support for biblical inerrancy:

bulletClement of Rome, (circa 30-96 CE) in the late 1st century CE, wrote: "The holy Scriptures which are given through the Holy Spirit...nothing iniquitous or falsified is written." 1
 
bulletSt. Augustine (354-430 CE) said: "None of these [canonical] authors has erred in any respect of writing." He also wrote: "Therefore, since they wrote the things which He [God] showed and uttered to them, it cannot be pretended that He is not the writer; for his members executed what their head dictated."
 
bulletSt. Gregory the Great (circa 540-604 CE; served as pope from 590-604 CE) stated: "...we loyally believe the Holy Spirit to be the author of the book.  He wrote it who dictated it for writing; He wrote it who inspired its execution."
 
bulletThe Westminster Confession (1647 CE) included a reference to the Bible's "infallible truth."
 
bulletOther writings referring to infallibility or inerrancy originated from:
bulletThe Belgic Confessional (1561 CE).
bulletCouncil of Florence (1438-1445).
bulletCouncil of Trent (1545-1563).
bulletCouncil of the Vatican (1869-1870).
bulletLeo XIII in his Encyclical Letter "Providentissimus Deus" (1893).

What Christians actually believe:

A book by George A. Marsden, "Reforming Fundamentalism" quotes a survey of student belief at one of the largest evangelical seminaries in the US. 2 The poll indicated that 85% of the students "do not believe in the inerrancy of Scripture."

This book also lists the results of a poll conducted by Jeffery Hadden in 1987 of 10,000 American clergy. 3 They were asked whether they believed that the Scriptures are the inspired and inerrant Word of God in faith, history, and secular matters:

bullet95% of Episcopalians,
bullet87% of Methodists,
bullet82% of Presbyterians,
bullet77% of American Lutherans, and
bullet67% of American Baptists said "No."

However, the Christian laity is far more supportive of the inerrancy position. The Barna Research Group reported in 1996 that among American adults generally:

bullet58% believe that the Bible is "totally accurate in all its teachings"
bullet45% believe that the Bible is "absolutely accurate and everything in it can be taken literally." 4

Support dropped between that poll and another taken in 2001. Barna reported in 2001 that:

bullet41% of adults strongly agrees that the Bible is totally accurate in all that it teaches 5

They also published beliefs by denomination and metagroup:

bulletAbove average support for inerrancy:
bulletPentecostal / Foursquare: 81%
bulletAssembly of God: 77%
bulletChristian, non-denominational (mostly Fundamentalist) 70%
bulletBaptist: 66%
bulletSeventh-day Adventist: 64%
bulletChurch of Christ: 57%
 
bulletBelow average:
bulletPresbyterian: 40%
bulletMethodist: 38%
bulletLutheran: 34%
bulletLatter-day Saints (Mormon): 29%
bulletCatholics: 26%
bulletEpiscopal: 22% 5

Sponsored link:

Web sites discussing biblical errancy and inerrancy:

bulletSites promoting inerrancy:
bulletJay Smith, et al., "100 cleared-up contradictions in the Bible," at: http://debate.org.uk/ 
bulletJ.P. Holding, "Refuted Contradictions" at: http://www.integrityonline15.com/
bulletGospelcom.net has a zip file "Countering contradictions - 143 contradictions answered," that can be downloaded from: http://www.gospelcom.net/
 
bulletSites analyzing a major book that promotes inerrancy: A number of researchers have critiqued Josh McDowell's book "Evidence That Demands a Verdict." The book is an attempt to prove biblical inerrancy, and has been widely distributed. 
bulletGordon B. Hazen, "A verdict on Josh McDowell." See: http://users.iems.nwu.edu/
bulletJeffery J. Lowder, "The jury is in: The ruling on McDowell's 'Evidence'," See: http://atheism.org/  
 
bullet Sites promoting at least limited errancy:
bulletMark Mattison, "Is the Bible inerrant?," at: http://www.auburn.edu/
bullet"Is the Bible inerrant and complete?," at: http://ourworld-top.cs.com/
bullet"Bible Contractions," American Atheists, at: http://www.atheists.org/
bulletDonald Morgan, "Biblical inconsistencies," at:  http://www.infidels.org/
bullethansss@aol.com, "Fun stuff in the Bible," at: http://members.aol.com/
bulletDennis McKinsey, "Biblical Errancy," at: http://members.aol.com/ 

References:

  1. Dave Miller, "Why I Believe in the Inerrancy of the Scriptures" http://www.infidels.org/
  2. M.J. Sawyer, "Inspiration and Bible Inerrancy" at: http://www.bible.org/  
  3. The Gideon, January, 1994, Page 12-13
  4. G. Barna, "The Index of Leading Spiritual Indicators," Word Publishing, Dallas, TX, (1996)
  5. "Religious beliefs vary widely by denomination," Barna Research, at: http://www.barna.org/

Copyright © 1997 to 2009 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Author: B.A. Robinson
Latest update: 2009-APR-16

line.gif (538 bytes)

Go to the previous page, or return to the Inerrancy menu, or choose:

Google
Web ReligiousTolerance.org

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?


Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.

 

Sponsored link: