Quantcast
About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Your first visit?
Contact us
External links
Good books
Visitor essays
Our forum
New essays
Other site features
Buy a CD
Vital notes

World religions
BUDDHISM
.
CHRISTIANITY
Who is a Christian?
Shared beliefs
Handle change
Bible topics
Bible inerrancy
Bible harmony
Interpret Bible
Persons
Beliefs, creeds
Da Vinci code
Revelation, 666
Denominations
.
HINDUISM
ISLAM
JUDAISM
WICCA / WITCHCRAFT
Other religions
Other spirituality
Cults and NRMs
Comparing religions

About all religions
Important topics
Basic information
Gods & Goddesses
Handle change
Doubt/security
Quotes
Movies
Confusing terms
Glossary
World's end
One true religion?
Seasonal topics
Science v. Religion
More info.

Spiritual/ethics
Spirituality
Morality/ethics
Absolute truth

Peace/conflict
Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
Ten commandm'ts
Abortion
Assisted suicide
Cloning
Death penalty
Environment
Equal rights - gays & bi's
Gay marriage
Nudism
Origins of the species
Sex & gender
Sin
Spanking kids
Stem cells
Women-rights
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news

 

!!!!!!!! Search error!  If the URL ends something like .htm/  or .htm# delete the character(s) after .htm and hit return.

SAME-SEX MARRIAGE

CANADIAN PUBLIC OPINION POLLS
For 2004

horizontal rule

Sponsored link.


horizontal rule

See also descriptions of polls for other years

We use the term "SSM" to refer to same-sex marriage

horizontal rule

Overview:

A battle has been in progress for years over whether  same-sex couples should be allowed to marry. The core conflict is whether:

bulletMarriage should be a special privilege of opposite-sex couples made up of one man and one woman. This is currently required by legislation in most jurisdictions and supported by social conservatives and most mainline religious institutions in North America, or 
bulletWhether all couples, both same-sex and opposite sex should be allowed to marry. This is supported by more liberal religious groups, most human rights groups, and gay-positive support groups.

As of the end of 2004, courts in one territory and seven provinces have ruled that SSM is legal. Same-sex couples can marry in every province in Canada except for Alberta, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

horizontal rule

2004-FEB: Ipsos Reid poll:

On 2004-JAN-15, Ipsos-Reid conducted a poll of 1,055 randomly selected adult Canadians for the Globe and Mail newspaper and the CTV television network. The margin of error is 3.1%. The national results were:

bullet

48% said that Paul Martin should not amend Canada's marriage laws to include same-sex marriages.

bullet

47% said that he should

bullet

5% had no opinion.

Support for SSM was:

bullet

58% in Quebec

bullet

50% in British Columbia

bullet

49% of urban dwellers

bullet

41% of rural dwellers

bullet

51% of women

bullet

43% of men

bullet

32% of those with some high school or less

bullet

42% of those who completed high school

bullet

48% of college graduates or some post-graduate education

bullet

56% with at least a bachelor's degree

bullet

42% among those earning less than $30,000 annually

bullet

45% among those earning $30 up to 60 thousand

bullet

54% among those earning over $60,000

bullet

60% of those aged 18 to 34

bullet

48% of those aged 35 to 54

bullet

33% of those aged 55 and above. 7

horizontal rule

2004-APR-6 to 11: Leger Marketing poll:

Leger Marketing conducted a phone interview among 1,511 Canadian adults. The margin of error is stated to be 2.6 percentage points. When asked "Are you in favor or not of same-sex marriages" the response was:

bullet

43% were in favor of same-sex marriages

bullet

47% were opposed

bullet

9% were undecided or refused to answer.

bullet

As expected:
bullet

Quebec subjects were the most in favor of same-sex marriage (51% pro vs. 40% anti)

bullet

British Columbians were next (47% vs. 43%)

bullet

Alberta were the last (36% vs. 56%)

bullet

Age is a major factor. 58% of subjects 55 years of age and older, and 63% of retirees are opposed to SSM. 1

horizontal rule

2004-JUN-16 & 21: Centre for Research and Information on Canada poll

Environics Research Group interviewed 1,500 adult Canadians for CRIC. The margin of error is 2.5 percentage points.

bullet

57% of Canadians agree that same-sex couples should be allowed to marry.

bullet

38% feel that marriage should be prohibited

bullet

5% are undecided or gave no response. 2

There was an enormous 40 point spread between the support for SSM by young adults and the elderly:

bullet

77% of those aged 18 to 29 supported SSM

bullet

37% of those over 60 agreed. 2

horizontal rule

2004-OCT: Ipsos-Reid poll:

This poll was conducted shortly before the Supreme Court of Canada started its hearing on the federal government's same-sex marriage reference. This poll's first question was:

"As you may know, the courts in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Manitoba and the Yukon have recognized same-sex marriages in their province or territory and made them legal. Based on knowing this, do you support or oppose same-sex couples being allowed to marry and register their marriage with their provincial government?"

Ipsos-Reid reports that support for SSM has changed very little since they started to poll Canadian adults on this topic eight years ago:
bullet

1996: 49% of Canadian adults support same-sex marriage.

bullet

1999: 55% support

bullet

2003: 49% support

bullet

2004: 54% supported same-sex marriage, 43% opposed; 3% had no opinion.

The margin of error is 3.1 percentage points. So, all four results are not significantly different.

Young people, women, people with higher levels of education, people with higher income, people resident in more cosmopolitan provinces were more supportive of SSM. Support for SSM was found among:

bullet

64% of persons 18 to 34; 41% of those over 54.

bullet

58% of persons in urban areas; 37% of those in rural areas.

bullet

60% of persons with some postsecondary education; 44% of those with a high-school diploma or less.

Opposition to SSM was found among:

bullet

51% of males; 36% of women.

A second polling question asked whether the subject accepted the use of the word "marriage" to refer to a same-sex union. The wording was:

"Now, let's suppose the Supreme Court of Canada rules similarly that same-sex marriage is constitutional. Would you accept this decision fully with no restrictions in its application and that the word marriage be used for everyone or do you want the federal government to do everything it can to make the legal use of the word marriage apply only to heterosexuals in law - that is, a man and a woman?"

Results were: 52% accept the use of the word "marriage" to include SSM. 45% wanted to restrict the term to only opposite-sex couples. 3

Again, every politician's worst nightmare.

horizontal rule

2004-OCT: Globe and Mail poll:

The Globe and Mail is often billed as Canada's national newspaper. It has traditionally been slightly conservatives. They polled their readers about OCT-04 asking: "Do you believe that marriage should be an institution reserved only for a man and woman?"

Results were:

bullet51% favored SSM
bullet49% were opposed to SSM 4,5

horizontal rule

2004-NOV-19 to 22: Ipsos-Reid poll:

Ipsos-Reid conducted a poll shortly before the Supreme Court of Canada released its rulings on the federal government SSM reference. It showed that a sizeable majority of Canadian adults -- 71% -- support same-sex marriage in principle. However, they differ in how SSM should be recognized.

bullet

39% feel that SSM should be "fully recognized and equal to conventional heterosexual marriage."

bullet

32% believe it should "be allowed to exist in civil law but not have the same legal weight as a conventional marriage."

bullet

27% believe that "it is wrong and should never be lawful."

bullet

2% either don't have an opinion or declined to say. 9

horizontal rule

2004-DEC-11 to 16: Nordic Research Group poll:

Enshrine Marriage Canada is a secular group which "seeks to protect the traditional definition of marriage through an amendment to the Constitution that will preserve marriage as the union of one man and one woman." They arranged to have the Nordic Research Group sample 1,025 Canadians by telephone from 2004-DEC-11 to 17. The margin of error is 3.1%

The poll was taken shortly after the Supreme Court of Canada released its rulings on the federal reference questions on SSM.

The subjects were asked the question: "Do you support/oppose keeping the definition of marriage as a union of one man and one woman?" Results were:

bullet59.8% support the current definition of marriage.

This result agrees closely with the findings of the Ipsos-Reid poll described above. There are two groups who would presumably prefer that same-sex couples not receive the full status of marriage: the 27% who are opposed to SSM under all conditions and the 32% who don't want SSM to have the same weight as conventional marriage. The sum of these two groups is 59% -- a value close to the Enshrine Marriage Canada finding.

This pair of polls provides material for both sides in the SSM argument:

bulletConservatives quote the Nordic Research results and point out that almost 60% of Canadians want marriage to remain a union between one man-one woman only.
bulletLiberals can point out that the most popular position that Canadians take is to make SSM "fully recognized and equal to conventional heterosexual marriage." They can also say that 71% of Canadians support SSM.

Unfortunately, Enshrine Marriage Canada has not released the percentage in favor of allowing all committed couples to marry, and the percentage who had no opinion or who refused to answer. 8

horizontal rule

Related essays in this web site include:

bulletInformation about Canadian polls on other les/gay topics
 
bulletCanadian legislation and court battles about same-sex marriage and civil unions

horizontal rule

References:

  1. "Canadians and their Tolerance towards Homosexuality," Leger Marketing, 2004-MAY-25, at: http://www.legermarketing.com/ **
  2. "Canadians Reject Ban on Religious Symbols or Clothes in Schools Majority Sees Racial or Religious Background of Party Leaders as Irrelevant," CRIC, 2004-JUL-1, at: http://www.cric.ca/ **
  3. "Poll finds narrow support for same-sex marriage," CEV.ca, 2004-OCT-07, at: http://www.ctv.ca/
  4. Margaret Philip, "Support for same-sex marriage still split. Though level of backing hasn't changed, debate heats up on use of word 'marriage'," Globe and Mail, 2004-OCT-7. See: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/
  5. "Poll Results," The Globe and Mail, circa 2004-OCT-4, at: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/
  6. "Canadians Split on Same-Sex marriage, but Most Side With the Courts over Parliament," CRIC, 2003-OCT-28, at: http://www.cric.ca/
  7. "Canadians are divided on big federal issues," Ipsos-Reid, 2004-FEB-01, at: http://www.ipsos-reid.com/ **
  8. "A Strong Majority of Canadians Oppose Redefining Marriage. Enshrine Marriage Canada Survey Finds Canadians Want Marriage Protected," EnshrineMarriage.ca, 2004-DEC-17, at:  http://www.enshrinemarriage.ca/
  9. "Canadians And Same Sex Marriage As The Supreme Court Of Canada Makes Its Ruling: 71% Support Concept, 27% Donít," Ipsos-Reid, 2004-DEC-09, at: http://www.ipsos-na.com/

  ** You need software to read these PDF files. It can be obtained free from:

horizontal rule

Copyright © 2004 & 2005 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2004-OCT-11
Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)


horizontal rule

Go to the previous page, or to the same-sex marriage menu, or to the Canadian same-sex marriage menu, or to the homosexual polls menu, or choose:

Google
Web ReligiousTolerance.org

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?


Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.