Same-sex marriage (SSM) and domestic partnerships
In Oregon state
||"If marriage means everything, it means absolutely nothing." Dr. James C. Dobson, of Focus on the Family.
||"A loving man and woman in a committed relationship can marry. Dogs, no matter what their relationship, are not
allowed to marry. How should society treat gays and lesbians in committed relationships? As dogs or as humans?" A
posting to an Internet mailing list; used by permission of the author.
Timeline of activities related to same-sex marriage:
- 2004: Multnomah County, OR, which includes Portland, issued marriage licenses to
same-sex couples, resulting in about 3,000 marriages. A plebiscite called "Measure 36" was held on election day in 2004-NOV to amend the constitution to prevent same-sex marriages. It passed with about 56% in favor to 44% opposed.
- 2005: The Oregon Supreme Court ruled that all of the 3,000 same-sex marriages were not valid. The couples were thus forcibly divorced against their will.
- 2007: Domestic Partnerships were legalized. Registered same-sex couples picked up about 500 state rights, benefits and protections for themselves and their children that were previously restricted to married opposite-sex couples. However, about 1,100 federal rights, benefits, and protections remained still out of reach.
The American Foundation for Equal Rights (AFER) created a graph using data from many public opinion surveys in Oregon taken between 2011-JUN and 2012-DEC. They show that adults in that state have been following the national trend. Prior to mid-2012, opposition to SSM exceeded support. After that time, support rapidly grew so that by year end, most adults favored SSM with a margin of about 11 percentage points.
- 2013-OCT: Same-sex couples launch federal lawsuit to legalize SSM in Oregon: Two same-sex couples initiated a lawsuit in U.S. District Court in Eugene by Portland attorneys Lake Perriguey and Lea Ann Easton on behalf of two same-sex couples. One couple, Deanna Geiger and Janine Nelson, is seeking the right to marry in Oregon. A second couple, Robert Deuhmig and William Griesar were legally married in Vancouver, BC, Canada, and want to have their marriage recognized in Oregon.
- 2013-OCT: In a major move, the state of Oregon now grants same-sex couples who have been legally married outside of Oregon full marriage rights. They can marry in one of those U.S. states that has legalized SSM, or the District of Columbia, or in a country -- like Canada -- where SSMs are also legal.
When they return to Oregon, the state recognizes their marriages as valid. Washington state that is immediately to the North of Oregon, California which is immediately to the South. and Hawaii to the west have all legalized SSMs.
- 2013-NOV: Oregon United for Marriage has collected
almost enough signatures to place a citizen initiative on the 2014-NOV ballot to legalize SSM in the state. A separate part of the initiative would guarantee clergy, congregations, and denominations the right to discriminate against same-sex couples by refusing to solemnize their marriages. The latter part of the initiative is redundent because the right of clergy and religious groups to discriminate against any couple for any reason is already guaranteed by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Clergy have been refusing to marry couples for racial, religious, gender and other reasons without interference from the government for centuries. However, many conservative Christians are unconvinced of the Constitution's protection. Adding the second part would increase the certainty that the initiative would be passed.
Duncan Sennett, 13, gave his Bar Mitzvah speech at a reform Jewish congregation Oregon. He discussed the many redefinitions of marriage between the time that the Torah was written and the present time. It was posted to You Tube and went viral, with over 190,000 views by 2014-MAR. 1
The Oregon Family Council, a conservative Christian organization that had played a major role in promoting the 2004 constitutional amendment to prohibit same-sex marriages being solemnized in Oregon has organized two new groups:
- Friends of Religious Freedom" filed a "Protect Religious Freedom Initiative" in order to allow business owners and companies to freely discriminate against same-sex couples by refusing to supply goods and services for same-sex weddings -- items like wedding cakes, wedding photographs, etc. "Think Progress," a liberal political group, referred to the Council's proposal as a "right to discriminate initiative." The initiative would give companies and business owners in the state immunity from human rights legislation"
Spokesperson Theresa Harke looks upon the Initiative not as an attempt to discriminate against the LGBT community, but as an attempt to protect religious freedom. She said:
"Our bill is very narrow. It only creates a religious protection for individuals who do not want to participate in same-sex ceremonies.... All other nondiscrimination laws would remain intact."
- Protect Marriage Oregon. Its purpose is to oppose the proposed Oregon United for Marriage citizen initiative and retain marriage inequality.
- 2013-DEC-08: Oregon United for Marriage reached their goal of 116,284 signatures needed to qualify for the 2014 ballot. They continue to collect signatures in order to achieve a surplus in case some of the signatures are disqualified. Also, collecting signatures gives the opportunity to discuss same-sex marriage with the public. 2
Topics covered in this section:
The following information source was used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlink is not necessarily still active today.
- "Duncan's Bar Mitzvah - A Call for Freedom to Marry," Congregation Beth Israel, 2013-NOV-26, at: https://www.youtube.com/
- Carlos Santoscoy, "Oregon Campaign For Gay Marriage Hits Signature Goal," On Top, 2013-DEC-08, at: http://www.ontopmag.com/
Copyright © 2013 & 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally posted: 2013-DEC-06
Latest update: 2014-MAR-05
Author: B.A. Robinson