|Pacifism of Islam: The belief in Islam that war is an abnormal
activity opposed to the will of God. It is sometimes forced on Muslims.
When entered into must be limited, humane, and involve minimal damage to
the land and possessions.|
|Padre: This is the word for "father" in the Italian,
Portuguese, and Spanish languages. Its origin can be traced to the Latin
word "pater," which also means father. It is often used to
refer to a member of the Christian clergy, particularly one who is a
|Paedobaptism: Baptism of infants.
|Pagan: (From a Latin word for village
peasant). This word has many unrelated meanings. Some definitions
|Wiccans and other Neopagans sometimes use Pagan as a
synonym for Neopagan.
|Religious and social conservatives often use the term as a
general-purpose "snarl" word to refer to cultures and religions very different from their
|a person who is neither Christian, a Muslim
or a Jew.
|an animistic, spirits-and-essences filled belief system, usually polytheistic. It is
based upon direct perception of the forces of nature and usually involves the use of
idols, talismans and taboos in order to convey respect for these forces and beings.
|The ancient religions of Egypt, Greece, Rome, and other
civilizations are often referred to as Pagan religions. Societies
surrounding the ancient Israelites are often referred to as Pagan.
|Pagoda: A religious building, especially a multistory Buddhist
tower in the Far East, erected as a memorial or shrine.
|Palm reading: Attempting to foretell a person's future and
reveal their past through an analysis of the lines on a person's hand.
Fortune tellers generally have great confidence in this technique. Many
conservative Christians consider it a dangerous form of divination
forbidden in the Bible.
|Panentheism, Panentheist: (From the Greek pan-en-theos
which means all-in-God) Like Pantheism, Panentheism
includes the belief that God is in everything. The belief that the entire universe -
substances, forces and laws -- is God - the universe is God's body.
But, in addition, God is seen as transcending the universe. This belief is
seen in Process Theology and in some components of New
Age belief. Leading Panentheists in the present and recent past are John
Cobb, Charles Hartshorne, Shubert Ogden, and Alfred North Whitehead.
|Pan Indianism: A a recent and growing movement which encourages
Native Americans to return to
traditional beliefs, and seek to create a common Native religion.
||Pantheism, Pantheist: From the Greek words "pan" (all)
and "theos" (God). God is all. The belief that every existing entity (humans,
animals, etc.) together, is a part of God. The entire universe is
divine. They do
not view God in personal terms, that is: as having a personality, having the ability to make decisions,
able to interact with humans, etc.
|Pantheon: A group of Gods and/or Goddesses worshiped by a single
religion. One example was the Greek pantheon. The term originated with the
name of a building: the Pantheon -- a circular temple built in the first
century BCE in Rome, and dedicated to all of the
|Parachurch: A religious organization that operates outside of a
denomination or sect. Their membership, catchment area, and message often
cut across denominational lines. Typical examples are Promise Keepers, Focus
on the Family, the Family Research Council.
|Paradise: From the Greek word for park or garden. The afterlife
destination taught by Islam that will be attained by persons who have done a
predominance of good works.
|Parchment: Sheets of prepared animal skin used for recording
|Parousia: From the Greek word "parousia," meaning "presence." The second coming when many Christians expect Jesus Christ to
return to earth. This is a major focus of most conservative
|Parthenogenesis: Virgin birth.
|Partial life: This is a Jewish term to refer to the status of a
fetus. In Jewish law, a fetus normally becomes a
full human person when its head emerges from the birth canal. Before
that event, the fetus is considered of lesser importance than a full human
being. The same term has many other meanings in biology and manufacturing.
This is the third of
The Five Points of
Calvinism: the belief that Jesus did not
die to save all humans. He died only for the sake of specific sins of
those who are saved. Sometimes called "Limited atonement."
|Passive resistance: A non-violent method of opposing oppression
through the use of non-cooperation.
|Passover: This is the most important feast of the Jewish
calendar, celebrated at the first full moon after the Vernal Equinox. The
name "Passover" was derived from the actions of the
angel of death as described in the book of Exodus. The angel "passed
over" the homes of the Jews which were marked with the blood
obtained from a ritual animal sacrifice. The same angel murdered the
first-born child and first-born animals of every Egyptian family whose
doorway was not so marked.
|Past life regression: A therapeutic technique in which the
patient is urged to imagine going back in time, past their birth, into a
former lifetime. It is a suggestive treatment method that can easily
generate memories of events that never happened
without either the patient or therapist being aware of the process.
|Patina: A covering that forms naturally on hard surfaces over a
long interval. One example is the green layer that forms on copper metal or
copper alloys as a result of corrosion. Another is a varnish-like coating
found on limestone ossuaries (bone boxes) such as
James alleged ossuary and the ossuaries
allegedly belonging to Jesus' immediate family.